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Title: A Short Measure of the Revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory–RSQ17
Authors: Čolović Petar 
Smederevac Snežana 
Oljača, Milan 
Nikolašević Željka 
Mitrović Dušanka 
Keywords: Item response theory;reliability;revised reinforcement sensitivity theory;short scales;validity
Issue Date: 3-Apr-2018
Project: Psychological foundations of mental health: Hereditary and environmental factors #179006
Journal: Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied
Abstract: © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. The need for a research and practical tool, such as a short, reliable, and valid personality assessment test, suggests researchers to create shortened versions of original instruments. Reinforcement sensitivity questionnaire (RSQ) was created in line with some basic premises of revised Reinforcement sensitivity theory, which proposes three motivational and emotional systems: Behavioral inhibition system (BIS), responsible for scanning environment for potential threats, Behavioral activation system (BAS), responsible for aproaching behavior, and the Fight/Flight/Freeze system (FFFS), responsible for behavior in the present threat. RSQ comprises five scales: BIS, BAS, Fight, Flight, and Freeze. The aim of this study was to develop a short version of RSQ, which would be beneficial to both research and practical purposes. Item response theory analyses were used for item selection. The study comprised two samples of participants, whereby Sample 1 (N = 837, 34.6% male, aged 18–82, M = 31.63, SD = 13.54) served as the derivation sample, while Sample 2 (818 participants, 43.6% male, 18−75 years, M = 29.65, SD = 12.52) served as validation sample. Factorial validity of the short RSQ was examined on both Sample 1 and Sample 2. Convergent and divergent validity of the short RSQ was examined using RST-PQ, Jackson-5, BIS/BAS scales, and Big Five Inventory. The results point to satisfactory internal consistency, factorial validity, and construct validity of the short RSQ, suggesting that it is an adequate measure for research settings or other contexts which require the use of short personality questionnaires.
ISSN: 00223980
DOI: 10.1080/00223980.2017.1419158
Appears in Collections:FF Publikacije/Publications

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